I've seen many people jumping into web development with feature-complete frameworks like Django and Rails. But most of them will find it difficult to assimilate the web development concepts because of cluttered documentation (incase of Rails) or complexity (incase of Django). One might need to look at a simpler microframework to learn from scratch. And yes, Flask is the one you'd want to have a look at.
Flask is a microframework for Python based on Werkzeug, and Jinja 2. It is developed by the same guys at Pocoo who gave us Sphinx and Pygments (a Python based syntax highlighter which beautifies the codes shown in this website). If you are new to the world of web development, with Flask you'd find it easier to understand the basics concepts like sessions, cookie, templates etc.
Flask provides a more developer friendly routing mechanism. You can define the routes to handlers with the help of a simple python decorator. That means no pain-in-the-ass for defining routes and writing handlers separately. Let's have a look at a sample Hello World application in Flask. I don't think you might need an explanation to this code :-)
# Hello World in Flask from flask import Flask app = Flask(__name__) @app.route("/") def hello(): return "Hello World!" if __name__ == "__main__": app.run()
If you want to look at some really cool applications using Flask, never hesitate to checkout the code from here.